@Herbertus-J-Grootenboer-0 If this is your first time, get the version with a graphical user interface. Work towards terminal or server like edition. You can always access terminal within the GUI.
Just try not cheat and use anything but terminal if that's your goal.
Not sure how much extra RAM or hard-drive space you have on the laptop. If strained on RAM, eye the server version.
If you also need access to the host operating system, consider consider https://www.virtualbox.org/ and load the Live Disk in that environment Virtual Box environment.
If you want to install a Linux distro so you can take snapshots or save changes, depending on your USB connectors on the laptop, could consider a $40 - $70 addon to laptop by buying an internal HDD 1TB put it in a external slot case and connect by USB 2 or 3. You would have to tweak Virtual Box where it saves the virtual machines. This will help spread out the reads and writes, if the laptop also has a traditional hard drive. This would be easier than doing a duel boot should you eventually go that route.