Topics that don't fit in to the other categories
pfSense OpenVPN Server Question

Hello all!
I created a OpenVPN server over pfSense and I'm making a large test before going into production.

Now I have some strange disconnects time to time, with an unknown error 10060. I'm on Windows 10 and latest updates (1809) and also the latest version of OpenVPN for Windows.

I added keepalive to push client configuration and made some changes to server config. But after looking in the server logs I have something like:

PUSH_REPLY,dhcp-option DOMAIN redecorp.local,dhcp-option DNS 10.x.x.x,dhcp-option DNS 10.x.x.x,dhcp-option DNS 10.x.x.x,block-outside-dns,dhcp-option NTP 10.x.x.x,dhcp-option NTP 10.x.x.x,redirect-gateway def1,redirect-gateway autolocal,route-gateway,topology subnet,ping 10,ping-restart 60,route,ifconfig,peer-id 0' (status=1)

My question is regarding ping 10,ping-restart 60,route I don't have these options on the server config part (over the gui or the server.conf) and I don't understand why is adding ping 10 and ping-restart 60, that I don't want to avoid the disconnects. Also this route add is also automatic and not configured by me.

Might the problem be related to these configurations?
Thank you in advance!

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A+, Network+, IT Fundamentals

Pratice Test For CompTIA IT Fundamentals

I'm not sure if KaplanIT has one available yet. When they do, we'll have it for our subscribing members!

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CCENT, CCNA Routing & Switching, CCNA Security
SVI OSPF adjacency


Glad you figured it out, great job!

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MTA, MCSA Windows 8, MCSE Windows Server 2012


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Security+, CASP, CEH, SSCP and CISSP
Biba vs Clark Wilson


Great question, let me see what we can do for you.

The discussion in the episode(s) is centered around the different types of security models that we can use to explain how a system would implement some aspect of the CIA triad.

Bell La-Padula is focused on Confidentiality

Biba is focused on Integrity

Clark-Wilson is focused on Integrity

The issue for you appears to be around the comparison between Biba and Clark-Wilson with regards to how they address the three main points of Integrity in a system, as noted below:

Prevent modifications of objects by unauthorized subjects
Prevent unauthorized modifications of objects by authorized subjects
Protect internal and external object consistency

Biba ONLY addresses the first of the three items above.

Clark-Wilson addresses ALL THREE of the items above.

Hope that helps to clarify.

If you have any additional questions while you are going through the show, or while studying, please feel free to be in touch as needed. My direct e-mail is:

Good Luck!!



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Test Link Locations?

@Ronnie-Wong Thank you for the reply. I did manage to find the test again and take it using the code on the bottom for a non-proctor test.

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IT Service Managment

Confirmation Needed for ITIL Practices concept

So I may have just had an epiphany. At least I hope this is the case concerning the concept of practices in ITIL Version 4.

It is my understanding that Service Value Chains consist of Service Value Streams which in turn consist of Practices. The Practices produce the outputs which together make up the service for the stream.

Is this accurate? Thanks in advance

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AWS, Amazon Web Services, Cloud Services

AWS practice tests

@Matthew-Horvay Apologize for the delayed response - somehow I missed your post. We have both the the SysOps and Solutions Architect Kaplan exams attached to our courses. We do not have access to any others as of now. When we do, we will make them available. Thanks!

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